Posts tagged ‘Index’

Index Annuity Crediting Methods

An index annuity earns interested based on an external financial index, such as the S&P 500. Interest that is credited to the annuity is based on a formula that is linked to the underlying index. An index annuity also is usually guaranteed to pay a minimum interest rate so that investors do not lose their initial investment premiums.

One of the most important features in determining the actual interest received on a contract is the crediting method used to measure the amount of change in the underlying index. The three most common methods are annual reset (ratcheting), high-water mark, and point-to-point:

Annual Reset
? Interest is determined by comparing the index value at the end of the contract year with the index value at the beginning of the contract year. Interest is added each year for the term of the contract.

High-Water Mark
? With this method, the index value is recorded at various points in time during the term of the contract. Typically, the annual anniversary is used as the reference points. Interest is added at the end of the contract and is based on the difference between the highest index value and the beginning index value.

Point-to-Point
? The final method pays interest at the end of the contract, similar to the high-water mark method. However, the amount is based on the difference between the index value at the end of the term and the index value at the beginning of the contract.

These three methods may yield similar results over one time span or drastically different results during another. It is important that investors research the options that are available on the annuity index annuity policy they are interested in because there are unique advantages and disadvantages for each method.

The annual reset method has the advantage that the interest is reevaluated each year and that future decreases in the index cannot affect the interest that was earned in previous years. The disadvantage for annual reset is that the participation rate may change each year. In general, its level will be lower than other indexing methods. Sometimes this method is also combined with a cap on the amount of interest that can be earned in a given contract year.

The advantage of the high-water mark method is that a customer may receive a higher amount of interest than other methods if the index reaches a high point towards the beginning or middle of the contract, then falls at the end of the contract term. However, the disadvantages are that this method sometimes comes with a cap and a lower participation rate than other methods. In addition, some contracts state that if the annuitant surrenders the contract before the end of the term, then the interest is forfeited.

The final method, point-to-point, has the advantage that many of the contracts have a higher participation rate than other index annuity methods since interest cannot be calculated before the end of the policy. However, like with the high-water mark method, some contracts will not pay interest if the annuity is surrenders before the term has ended.

The three index annuity crediting methods discussed above seem similar, however, the index-linked interest that is paid on an annuity will heavily depend on which method is used for the particular policy. Therefore, it is important that investors weigh the pros and cons of each method and choose the one best suited to current market trends.

Related Credit Rating Articles

Lending Approval Rates at Big Banks, Institutional Lenders Continue to Surge, According to February 2015 Biz2Credit Small Business Lending Index


New York, NY (PRWEB) March 16, 2015

Small business loan approval rates at big banks and institutional lenders continue to improve, attaining new post-recession highs in February 2015, according to the Biz2Credit Small Business Lending Index, the monthly analysis of 1,000 loan applications on Biz2Credit.com.

Big banks ($ 10 billion+ in assets) approved 21.5% of small business loan requests in February 2015, up from 21.3% in January. Further, loan approval rates at big banks have increased consistently for 10 out of the last 11 months, and a year-to-year comparison shows that they have increased by 12.5%.

“Big banks are starting to grant more conventional loans. This allows them to keep fixed loan expenses down compared to SBA-backed loans, which are not primarily being done at smaller banks,” explained Biz2Credit CEO Rohit Arora, who oversaw the research. “The investment in digitization at big banks has helped expedite the small business loan approval process.”

Meanwhile, institutional lenders granted 60.7% of funding requests by small business owners in February, an increase from 60.5% in January 2015. Approval rates by institutional lenders have increased each month ever since Biz2Credit began monitoring this category of lenders one year ago.

“Institutional lenders are willing to offer more loans that are financially appealing to small business owners,” Arora said. “The high approval rate in this category of lenders is a reflection of their strong investment in technology advancements, which enables them to quickly assess the risk of default. Thus, they are incredibly efficient; only a miniscule 0.77 percent of loans made by institutional lenders on our platform have defaulted.”

For the fourth consecutive month, small banks denied more than half of their loan requests to small business owners, as lending approval rates at small banks remained stagnant at 49.6% in February. After reaching an all-time Index high in May 2014, lending approval rates at small banks have gradually declined.

“Smaller banks are better at offering SBA loans, but those loans take time to process. Creditworthy customers who seek quick funding are turning to other types of funding that take less time to process,” said Arora. “This leaves smaller banks with less attractive borrowers than they had a year ago and explains why approval percentages are dropping.”

Approval rates at alternative lenders — merchant cash advance companies, factors, and other non-bank institutions – dropped for the 13th consecutive month to 61.4% in February, from 61.6% in January. Their drop has coincided with the emergence of institutional lenders.

“Alternative lenders have been impacted most by the emergence of institutional players. As the economy continues to improve, small businesses with good credit standing don’t have to borrow money at high interest rates often associated with alternative lenders,” Arora explained. “Small business owners were often obligated to pay high interest rates during the ‘credit crunch’ when they were desperate for money. However, this is no longer the case.”

Credit unions granted 43.3% of loan applications in January, a slight increase from the record low approval rate of 43.2% in January 2015. However, they are still struggling to increase their presence in the small business finance marketplace.

To view the historic chart of the Biz2Credit Small Business Lending Index, visit https://www.biz2credit.com/small-business-lending-index/february-2015.

About the Biz2Credit Small Business Lending Index

Biz2Credit analyzed loan requests ranging from $ 25,000 to $ 3 million from companies in business more than two years with an average credit score above 680. Unlike other surveys, the results are based on primary data submitted by more than 1,000 small business owners who applied for funding on Biz2Credit’s online lending platform, which connects business borrowers and lenders.

About Biz2Credit

Founded in 2007, Biz2Credit has arranged more than $ 1.2 billion in small business funding throughout the U.S. and is widely recognized as the #1 online credit resource for startup loans, lines of credit, equipment loans, working capital and other funding options. Using the latest technology, Biz2Credit matches borrowers to financial institutions based on each company’s unique profile — completed in less than four minutes — in a safe, efficient, price-transparent environment. Biz2Credit’s network consists of 1.6 million users, 1,300+ lenders, credit rating agencies such as D&B and Equifax, and small business service providers including CPAs and lawyers. Visit http://www.biz2credit.com, follow on Twitter @Biz2Credit, and join on Facebook at http://www.facebook.com/biz2credit.







Small Business Financing at Big Banks and at Institutional Investors Finishes Strong in Landmark Year, According to December 2014 Biz2Credit Small Business Lending Index


New York, NY (PRWEB) January 13, 2015

Small business loan approval rates by big banks and institutional lenders reached post-recession highs in December 2014, according to the Biz2Credit Small Business Lending Index, a monthly analysis of 1,000 loan applications on Biz2Credit.com.

Big banks ($ 10 billion+ in assets) approved 21.1% of small business loan requests in December, which is up from 20.8% in November and marks back-to-back months of increases. Further, a year-to-year comparison shows that lending approval rates at big banks are up nearly 20 percent.

“The higher percentage of loan approvals at big banks is good news for small business owners. However, big banks typically seek to grant loans of $ 500,000 or more and much prefer loans in excess of $ 2 million,” said Biz2Credit CEO Rohit Arora, who oversaw the research. “Many startups and young companies do not need that much money. Thus, big banks may not the answer for these types of borrowers.”

Meanwhile, institutional lenders granted 60.1% of funding requests by small business owners in December, an increase from 59.9% in November. Approval rates by institutional lenders have increased each month since Biz2Credit began monitoring this category of lenders in January 2014.

“Institutional lenders continue to be prominent factors in the small business finance game,” said Arora. “They are offering a wider variety of financial products that are more attractive to borrowers, including longer terms and lower interest rates than other non-bank alternative lenders.”

“Credit-worthy borrowers are increasingly opting to apply for loans at institutional lenders because of the simplicity of getting financing from these lenders and more attractive terms that are offered,” explained Arora, one of the nation’s leading experts in small business finance. “They are also approaching big banks, which enjoy better brand names and are getting the highest quality borrowers coming to them.”

For the second consecutive month, small banks are denying more than half of their loan requests. Further, lending approval rates by small banks dropped for the seventh month in a row as they approved 49.7% of loan requests from small business owners in December, which is slightly below November’s mark of 49.8%. Despite the steady drops in lending approval rates at small banks, a year-to-year comparison shows that these loan approval rates are nearly identical to last year’s numbers.

Approval rates at alternative lenders — merchant cash advance companies, factors, and other non-bank institutions — slipped for the 12th straight month to 61.8% in December, from 62% in November.

“Small business owners’ financials have improved. Their performance is better and they are increasing their business credit scores. As a result they are not as desperate for money as they were during the recession when many alternative lenders could charge very high interest rates,” added Arora.

Credit unions granted 43.3% of loan applications in December, a slight drop in the approval rate of 43.4% over the previous month as they continue to struggle making a bigger presence in the small business finance marketplace.

To view the historic chart of the Biz2Credit Small Business Lending Index, visit http://www.biz2credit.com/small-business-lending-index/december-2014.

About the Biz2Credit Small Business Lending Index

Biz2Credit analyzed loan requests ranging from $ 25,000 to $ 3 million from companies in business more than two years with an average credit score above 680. Unlike other surveys, the results are based on primary data submitted by more than 1,000 small business owners who applied for funding on Biz2Credit’s online lending platform, which connects business borrowers and lenders.

About Biz2Credit

Founded in 2007, Biz2Credit has arranged more than $ 1.2 billion in small business funding throughout the U.S. and is widely recognized as the #1 online credit resource for startup loans, lines of credit, equipment loans, working capital and other funding options. Using the latest technology, Biz2Credit matches borrowers to financial institutions based on each company’s unique profile — completed in less than four minutes — in a safe, efficient, price-transparent environment. Biz2Credit’s network consists of 1.6 million users, 1,300+ lenders, credit rating agencies such as D&B and Equifax, and small business service providers including CPAs and lawyers. Visit http://www.biz2credit.com, follow on Twitter @Biz2Credit, and join on Facebook at http://www.facebook.com/biz2credit.







More Credit Monitoring Press Releases

SubscriberWise Implores President Obama to help with a Legislative Effort to Require Federal Agencies to Create an Index of Living Childrens Social security Numbers to Substantially Reduce Fraud and Exploitation


Washington, D.C. (PRWEB) October 11, 2014

SubscriberWise®, a leading provider of analytics-driven subscriber decision management technology and the nation’s largest issuing consumer reporting agency for the communications industry, announced today that the company founder is asking the President of the United States to leverage his Office and his persuasive power to help advance a proposed legislative initiative that would dramatically reduce child identity theft.

Read the latest news that exposes the State of Ohio’s failure to advocate and protect a 14-year-old child: http://www.enhancedonlinenews.com/news/eon/20141010005495/en/SubscriberWise/Child-Identity-Theft/Social-Security

“Today I am respectfully asking the President of the United States to give careful consideration and attention to this urgent child safety initiative,” said David Howe, president of SubscriberWise. “I’m requesting President Obama’s help passing a child safety law that is focused on protecting a minor’s social security number through technology solutions and educational initiatives.”

“I will also use this opportunity to advise Mr. Obama and the First Lady that their daughters may be vulnerable to identity thieves, just like children who are exploited every day in this country,” continued Howe. “But unlike the Obama children and the children of resourceful and powerful women and men, the overwhelming majority of children who become victims of this under-reported and rarely-prosecuted crime, they almost never have a voice or advocacy. These children suffer the consequences alone,” emphasized Howe.

“The police, the prosecutors, the national credit bureaus, business and creditors – none of these organizations is initially aware that a social security number submitted with a credit application or presented to law-enforcement may belong to a living minor child. That’s inexcusable,” declared Howe.

“And if it’s ever confirmed that a child’s identity was stolen, it’s often too late,” argued Howe.

(http://www.subscriberwise.com/U.S._Creditors_Criminally_Duped.pdf)

“Over the course of an entire decade, I’ve engaged and educated hundreds of child identity thieves. Contrary to FTC publication on child identity theft, it’s almost always the parent, guardian, or relative of the minor who perpetrates the crime,” explained Howe. “It’s rarely a random thief who just happened upon the child’s personal information.”

“It’s obvious to me from many years’ experience that we as a nation are not doing enough to manage this problem,” insisted Howe. “I’m convinced that Congress – and President Obama – must immediately focus their time and resources to help minimize this problem.”

“As the founder of a national Issuing CRA and a witness to technology solutions, it’s my strong position that a child-SSN index, along with a federal educational initiative, is critical to impacting this problem,” Howe concluded.    

About David Howe and SubscriberWise

David Howe is a consultant and credit manager for MCTV (http://www.mctvohio.com). During his 18-year career at MCTV, Howe has reviewed more than 50,000 credit submissions. His interest in credit began in 1986 while a 17-year old student in high school.

Howe is the only known individual – living or deceased – to have obtained simultaneous perfect FICO 850 scores across every national credit bureau. Howe has also obtained multiple perfect Vantage 990 scores. Howe has obtained FICO Professional Certification and is also the first and only citizen of the world to describe and report the details of the perfect FICO score to a U.S. reporter.

Howe produced and published two videos on the subject of perfect credit: FICO 850 Credit Report Facts and FICO Scores: The Facts. The first general-purpose FICO scores were debuted nearly a quarter century ago.

SubscriberWise® launched as the first U.S. issuing consumer reporting agency exclusively for the cable industry in 2006. In 2009, SubscriberWise and TransUnion announced a joint marketing agreement for the benefit of America’s independent cable operators. Today SubscriberWise is a risk management preferred-solutions provider for the National Cable Television Cooperative.

SubscriberWise contributions to the communications industry are today quantified in the tens of millions of dollars annually.

SubscriberWise is a U.S.A. federally registered trademark of the SubscriberWise Limited Liability Co.

Contacts

SubscriberWise

David E. Howe, +1 330-880-4848 Ext: 137